shaolin kung fu

Some finer points of combat

If all other things were equal, chin-na or gripping is the most advanced of the four categories of attack. Unlike a strike or a kick which can be executed in one movement or two movements, it usually takes three or more movements to implement a chin-na attack successfully. But once it is successfully applied, it is the most difficult to get away from.

Basically there are two aspects in chin-na — “chin” which is holding, and “na” which is gripping. But “na” in chin-na is more than what is normally conceptualized by the term “gripping”. It is gripping in such a way that even when the grip is released, the victim would be unable to continue fighting.

Some sophisticated chin-na techniques from the Dragon-Tiger Set are shown in this video series. Some finer points are also explained.

Please click the pictures below to view the videos

Helping Opponent to Improve Himself


Steve and Andy work out some attacks and counters from the Dragon-Tiger Set. Andy attacks with “Horizontally Sweeping a Thousand Armies”. Steve counters with “Fierce Tiger Descends Mountain”, but he uses a Kneel-Step in place of a Bow-Arrow Stance. Andy responds with “Tame Tiger with String of Beads”. Steve suggests that Andy's response would be even better if Andy kneels on the back of his leg, demonstrating that Shaolin Wahnam members help their sparring partner to improve their combat in their sparring.

Chin-Na is the Most Advanced


Steve and Andy now go over the sequence. Andy attack is not easy to defend, but Steve counters very well with a chin-na technique. Andy responds also with another chin-na technique. If all other things were equal, chin-na attacks are the most advanced and the most difficult to defend against. How would you counter Andy chin-na attack?

Gourd Rolling on Ground


Isn't Steve's counter ingenuious? He flows with the attacker's momentum, which is an important principle in countering chin-na attacks. If you go against the attacking momentum, you may hurt yourself. This pattern is called “Gourd Rolling on Ground”. Those who have wondered what combat function rolling on the ground can serve, have an answer here.

Finer Points of Chin-Na


Here are some finer points about chin-na. Andy should hold Steve's hand further away from his body, to prevent, for example, Steve striking him with an elbow. Steve should grip an opponent's vital spots, like the eyes and soft spots of the neck.

Correct Way to Release Chin-Na Grips


When an opponent is gripping your vital points, you must know how to release the grip correctly. Incorrect release would cause further harm. Here, where the opponent has gripped your eyes, an effective way is to rotate your waist according, not turning your head.

Rolling Forward or Rolling Backward


Depending on how your leg is being pressed on, you can roll forward or backward. A backward roll would result in the pattern “Naughty Monkey Kicks at Leaves”. But in this case, Steve should roll forward with the pattern “Gourd Rolling on Ground”.

Be Careful of Elbow Strike


There are some finer point in intercepting Andy's horizontal sweep. Steve should be careful of Andy's elbow. It is too close to be comfortable.

Variations from Combat Situation


Here are some possible variations from this combat situation which we must be prepared for. Before the horizontal sweep arrives, you may lean back and execute a side kick. However, if the opponent is at close quarters, be careful of his elbow.

Breaking an Opponent's Arm


Of course, variations can be created by either party. By shifting the angle of his position, for example, Andy can dislocate Steve's right elbow, besides attacking Steve with a Tiger Claw. Or he can use an elbow strike to break Steve's arm. Notice the right timing of Andy's roll.

You can view all the videos above by clicking the picture or the caption below

Advanced Chin-Na Techniques and Counters from Wong Kiew Kit on Vimeo.


How to Think and Act as a Master

Click here for an Overview of the entire course

  1. Returning to the Basics
  2. Form, Force, Flow and Element of Threat
  3. Reviewing the Basic Combat Sequences
  4. Devising Strategies Using Combat Sequences
  5. Applying Strategies for Effective Combat
  6. Free Sparring with Prescribed Conditions
  7. Combat Sequences to Train Spontaneous Attacks and Responses
  8. Using Strategies and Tactics in Attack and Defence
  9. It is Heartening to see so Many People Using Kungfu in Free Sparring
  10. Felling and Gripping Techniques in Shaolin Kungfu
  1. How Sequence Training and Chi Flow Enhance Combat Efficiency
  2. The Tiger-Crane Set — Manifesting the Hard and the Soft in Shaolin Kungfu
  3. The Dragon-Tiger Set — Crystallization of Two Wahnam Traditions
  4. The Dragon-Form Set — Demonstrating that Softness Can be Very Powerful
  5. Shaolin Monkey Set — Symbolizing Spiritual Path from Cheekiness to Enlightenment
  6. Shaolin Five-Animal Set — Gist of Shaolin Forms and Essence
  7. Shaolin Pakua Set Set — An Exclusive Set Fit for Kings and Generals
  8. Combat Application pf Pakua — Sharing Secrets for Combat Efficiency
  9. Beginning to Learn some Monkey Tricks
  10. Refining Techniques in Combat
  1. Some Examples of High level Combat
  2. Collective Effort for Greater Benefits
  3. Can Sophisticated Kungfu Techniques be Used in Combat?
  4. Skills are usually More Important than Techniques
  5. One-Finger Shooting Zen — the Treasure of Shaolin Wahnam
  6. Raising Levels of Techniques and Tactics in Combat
  7. Bringing Combat Skills to More Sophisticated Levels
  8. Monkey Techniques are Flowing and Agile but can be Very Devastating
  9. Flowing with the Opponent's Momentum
  10. Beware of the Monkey Tricks
  1. Marvelous Techniques Beget Marvelous Techniques
  2. How to Raise your Level of Combat
  3. How you can Defeat your Opponents
  4. Employing Sophisticated Kungfu Techniques to Enhance Combat Efficiency
  5. Systematic Training is Essential for Combat Efficiency
  6. Raising Combat Efficiency from Basic to Advanced Levels
  7. Kungfu Philosophy and Swaying Willows
  8. Hands Pave the Way, Kicks to Clinch Victory
  9. Six Harmonies of the Double Tiger Claws
  10. The Amazement and Effectiveness of Monkey Kicks
  1. A Bag Full of Monkey Tricks
  2. Gentle and Flowing, yet Very Powerful
  3. Can your Responses still be Correct and Spontaneous in Real Fights?
  4. Incorporating Kicks into Combat Sequences
  5. Elaborate Patterns to Meet Complex Combat Situations
  6. The Benefits of Understanding and Applying Kungfu Philosophy
  7. Our Kungfu is a Training of Energy and Mind
  8. Ensuring Own Safety when Felling Opponents
  9. The Beauty and Profundity of Shaolin Felling Techniques
  10. Felling Techniques of the Dragon and the Monkey
  1. Felling an Opponent Without him Realizing What has Happened
  2. Pattern Analysis of the Tiger-Crane Set
  3. Tiger Patterns for Chin-Na, Against Kicks and Countering the Shoot
  4. Pattern Analysis of the Dragon-Tiger Set
  5. Revealing the Secret Tactic of Leak Hand
  6. From the Level of Techniques to the Levels of Tactics and Strategies
  7. Pattern Analysis of the Dragon-Form Set
  8. Effective Techniques for Fighting on the Ground
  9. Pattern Analysis of the Monkey Set
  10. Soft Techniques and Internal Force in Monkey Kungfu
  1. Interesting Monkey Patterns that are Deadly for Combat
  2. Pattern Analysis of the Pakua Set
  3. Pattern Analysis of the Five-Animal Set
  4. Variety of Techniques in Shaolin Five Animals
  5. Investigating the Combat Applications of Some Patterns
  6. Similar Patterns but Different Applications
  7. Effective Counters against Kicks, Grips and Knee Jabs
  8. Secrets of Skyward Cannon Punch in Continuous Attack
  9. Cannon Punch Towards Sky and Fierce Tiger Crouching on Ground
  10. Flowing Monkey Techniques against Powerful Tiger Claws
  1. Sophisticated Grips and Sophisticated Counters
  2. Breaking an Opponent's Elbow and Wrist
  3. Neutralizing Wrist Lock and the Three Harmonies
  4. Advanced Chin-Na Techniques and Counters
  5. Two Stories about Kicks
  6. How to Respond to Attacks Spontaneously and Correctly
  7. Can Beautiful Patterns and Flowing Movements be Effective in Combat?
  8. Linking Combat Sequences into a Set
  9. From Pre-Arranged Sparring to Combat Efficiency
  10. Crystalization of Combat Techniques from Past Masters
  1. Hei Sai or the Spirit of Energy
  2. Manifesting the Energy and Spirit of your Form
  3. Manifesting the Spirit of the Form
  4. Kungfu Practice is not just Physical Training but also Spiritual Cultivation
  5. Fluidity of Form, Energy and Spirit
  6. Shaolin Kungfu is Chi Kung and Meditation
  7. Revealing the Secrets of Shaolin Masters
  8. The Profundity of Shaolin Combat Application
  9. It is Easy to Fight against Boxers
  10. Avoiding a Boxer's Strong Points and Attacking his Weaknesses
  1. Some Effective Tactics against Boxers
  2. The Strategy of Not Allowing an Opponent to Escape
  3. The Strategy of Letting Trick Manifesting Trick
  4. The Strategies of Interception and of Striking Form
  5. Standardized Routines of Kick-Boxing Attacks
  6. Some Effective Counters to Kick-Boxing Attacks
  7. Felling a Kick-Boxer when he Kicks
  8. The Secrets of Two Tigers Subdue Dragon
  9. Shaolin Counters against Kick-Boxing and Karate
  10. Some Important Combat Philosophy and Principles
  1. It is Relatively Easy to Handle Karate Attacks
  2. Good Spacing When Executing Kicks
  3. A Variety of Taekwondo Kicks
  4. Effective Shaolin Counters against Taekwondo Kicks
  5. Trapping Legs and Subduing Opponents
  6. Making Expedient Changes to Surprised Attacks
  7. The Legacy of Sigung Ho Fatt Nam — Planting Willow in Front of Camp
  8. Having Fun in Throws and their Counters
  9. Sharing the Secret of Move Stance Change Step
  10. Some Unorthodox Felling Techniques Not Commonly Seen
  1. Felling Opponents with your Stances!
  2. Beware of Monkeys; they are Expert at Plucking Peaches
  3. Sophisticated Footwork and Leg Techniques of Monkeys and Gorillas
  4. Wrestling Throws are Found in Shaolin Kungfu Too
  5. Real Fighting is Different from Martial Sports
  6. Who Says there is no Ground-Fighting in Shaolin Kungfu
  7. An Incredible Secret of One-Finger Zen
  8. Understanding Muay Thai Fighting Strategies and Techniques
  9. Various Strategies to Counter Muay Thai Fighters
  10. Responding to Muay Thai Attacks Spontaneously and Correctly
  1. Avoiding Opponent's Strength and Attacking his Weakness
  2. Effective Ways to Counter Sweeping Kicks
  3. Effective Counters against Knee and Elbow Strikes
  4. Crouching Tiger against Grab Neck Elbow Strike
  5. Shaolin Kungfu for Combat Efficiency, Good Health and Spiritual Development

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