COUNTER AGAINST SHOULDER THROW
Sifu Kai demonstrates a counter against the forward shoulder throw attempted by Sifu Mark Appleford of Scotland. In Shaolin Kungfu, this counter pattern is known as “General Leads Horse”, and in Wahnam Taijiquan it is known as “Black Bear Sinks Hips”. A stable stance is needed in both these patterns. Sifu Kai also explains that it is necessary to push against the opponent's back to prevent him from moving back to recover his balance.