HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF
PRAYING MANTIS EIGHTEEN COLLECTION SET

Praying Mantis Eighteen Collection Set

Grandmaster Wong demonstrating a Praying Mantis technique


Praying Mantis Kungfu was invented by a Shaolin disciple, Wang Lang, during the Ming Dynasty by combining 18 styles of kungfu. The best techniques of each of these 18 styles were composed into a set called the Eighteen Collection, or Shi Ba Sou in Chinese.

The 18 techniques were as follows:

  1. Ascend Mountain Thrust Punch of First Emperor Long Fist, or Tai Zu Zhang Quan
  2. Seven-Star Chop Fist of Han Tong's Extended Arm Kungfu, or Dong Bi Quan
  3. Distract-Trick Chop Waist of Zhang Er's Close and Cover, or Guan Pi
  4. Seven-Star Turn Cart of Wen Yuan's Short Strike, or Duan Da
  5. Seven-Star Thrust Punch of Ma Ji's Close Combat, or Jin Da
  6. Jump Step Avoid Force of Sun Heng's Monkey Style, or Hou Quan
  7. Ascend Mountain Elbow Strike of Huang Nian's Hand Anchor, or Shou Kau
  8. Double Cover Palm Strike of Mien Shen's Cotton Palm, or Mien Zhang
  9. Cover Hand Thrust Punch of Jin Xiang's Deflect and Strike, or Chuan Da
  10. Slant Body Swing Hand of Huai De's Grab and Throw, or Xue Jiao
  11. Grip Hand Lift Knee of Liu Xing's Hook and Grip, or Kao Shou Qin Na,
  12. Ascend Mountain Ear Strike of Tan Fang's Ear-Strike, or Guan Er
  13. Double Hook Sweep Leg of Yan Qing's Felling Techniques, or Tie Fa
  14. Lift-Strike Lift Leg of Lin Chong's Continuous Kicks, Lian Wan Tui
  15. Ascend Mountain Crush Fist of Meng Su's Seven-Step Pressing Attack, Qi Bo Pi Da
  16. Bottom Strike Lift Leg of Cui Lian's Bosom Strike, Quan Xin Cui
  17. Ascend Mountain Double Fists of Yang Gun's Gripping Techniques, or Qin Na
  18. Seven-Star Hook Hand of Wang Lang Praying Mantis Kungfu, Tang Lang Quan

Praying Mantis Kungfu is from Northern Shaolin, and is well known for kicks. There is also a Southern Shaolin Praying Mantis noted for its phoenix-eye fist.

The Praying Mantis Eighteen Collection Set can be accessed here, and the Praying Mantis Kungfu Course 2010 can be accessed here

Wong Kiew Kit
17th December 2015

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